Show these demographics as percentages or ratios instead of describing every individual; do not include specific names.
The results of the experiment in terms of consistency oppose the trend suggested in the literature by researchers such as McBeatty and Orbit et al. For instance, would having an all-female, or all first-year participant group influence findings? Unless you are observing public behavior, participants should be volunteers and told what your research is about.
Use the past tense to describe studies that have been conducted, as well as your own methods and results. To keep this focus in mind, reread each paragraph in your report, identify the main idea, and then verify that the content in that paragraph is needed to support the main idea i.
Participants were led into the testing room and were administered the PNAS through a paper questionnaire. This is the time to use a footnote. You must be trained to handle and care for the animals and ensure that their needs are met food, water, good writing a discussion psychology report, exercise, gentle handling and protection from disturbance.
Use double-line spacing of text, font size 12, and include page numbers. The purpose of the introduction is to "introduce" your hypothesis gradually, going from general psychological processes or theories to the specific assumption you are trying to put forth this creates the top of the "hourglass".
Your literature review should be appropriate to the kind of paper you are writing. Materials — Describe the materials used, e. The design of the present experiment means Here are some to avoid: I imagine the Results section like a dance with swords -- sometimes you are engaging your partner with the pointy end and sometimes you are gliding alongside them.
Citations in the middle. Title Page Heading The header on the top-left of your title page should read "Running head: If you are having trouble connecting past research to your current study, think about the questions the past study raises. When listing your references, begin on a new page.
In contrast to the flowery and sometimes superfluous language used in literary writing, scientific writing should be direct and concise. Your Discussion section should contain five main parts. This may be explained by the variation in temperature that is experienced in the mouth during eating, which may require a high degree of heat-resistance in the amylase enzyme The second line should be your University ID number.
First, because the participants were highly experienced IM users, they may frequently converse with more than one person while performing a concurrent task. The important thing is that you give the reader what she needs to find the articles you have cited. It also appears that water-deprivation seems to lower hunger.
Say what your findings mean for the way people behave in the real world. Later these expectations are formally stated as the hypotheses. In terms of the consistency of the provided information, the null hypothesis was supported: This is essentially what is new about your approach, your particular contribution.
Treatment noncompletion rates, although higher than average for our clinic, were in the acceptable range. Mention whether or not there was a statistical difference, if your class calculated it.When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than just those that fit your hypothesis or prior assumptions and biases.
This is especially important when describing the discovery of significant or unanticipated findings. An excerpt from the Discussion section of a psychology report Both the alternative hypotheses for consensus and distinctiveness information were supported: high consensus and high distinctiveness information creates an external attribution while low consensus and low distinctiveness information causes an internal attribution.
Things to Avoid When Writing the Discussion Overinterpretation of the Results It is easy to inflate the interpretation of the results. Be careful that your interpretation of the results does not go beyond what is supported by the data. The data are the How to Write an Effective Discussion.
Discussion. It is a good idea to begin the discussion with a summary of the results, for the benefit of the reader who wants to skip the results section (and to remind the reader who didn't skip it but got interrupted by a phone call and forgot it).
Writing the Discussion. The discussion section is a framing section, like the Introduction, which returns to the significance argument set up in your introduction.
The Difficulties of Writing a Discussion Section. In an ideal world, you could simply reject your null or alternative hypotheses according to the significance levels found by the statistics.
That is the main point of your discussion section, but the process is usually a lot more complex than that.Download