For the purpose of this paper, however, standard leadership definition is defined as the process of influencing or motivating others to work for a common goal or finding ways by which others may satisfy their needs Bruffee ; Heifetz It seems that there are newly developed paradigms or models that catch our attention not to mention those that are complicated and hard to apply Heifetz This paper will discuss the transactional leadership theory and the effects on employee performance within an organization.
Transactional leadership must not be the only leadership style utilized for organization success. Group spirit needs to be built, and group conflicts need to be minimized, if business organizations expect high productivity and more profits.
The contingent reward technique is based on an employee receiving a reward for outstanding performance and if the expected performance is not achieved the employee will incur a penalty.
Passive management by exception is when the leader does nothing until after the task is complete and then notifies employees of the deficiencies in their performance. Transactional Leadership Effects Transactional leadership has shown to have a: Since contingent reward establishes a foundation that if an employee performs at a certain level they will receive an award, the leader can expect that the employee will continue to satisfactorily complete assigned tasks at the expected level to continue to receive the reward.
Studies on transactional leadership have shown that it can be effective in certain organizations or if combined with other leadership styles.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. This is the technical, tactical, and physical ability of the individual and the group to perform the job.
Evidently when people work together for a common objective a leader is indispensable.
This paper attempts to elucidate and explain a general view of transactional leadership with the goal of understanding its nuances and possible weaknesses and strengths and its implications in various settings.
A study conducted by Howell and Avolio suggest that positive unit performance was a result of other leadership styles not associated with transactional leadership.
Positive relationships between follower satisfaction and performance have been shown in the contingent reward and active management by exception techniques. It appears that as soon as a certain number of people are gathered together, one of them has to be acknowledged as the leader and the rest place themselves automatically as the followers.
When personnel do not meet the standards they are disciplined. Transactional Contingent Reward Leadership Jane Howell and Bruce Avolio described contingent reward leadership as a constructive exchange between leaders and employees where the employee is rewarded or disciplined based on job performance.
According to Bassa small number of relationships between leaders and followers depend on the leaders actual power to convince people to do their job; instead an explanation of the standards is explained with the reward that will receive once the task is accomplish with satisfaction.
As clearly explained earlier, the leader in this arrangement tends to look things at usually what and where he profits most utilizing the weaknesses of the employee. Psychologists usually presuppose that high morale is always accompanied by high productivity. The military has a set of standards and codes that each person must abide by.
The administration or leadership of people has never been as significant and crucial than ever before. It is better to look at leadership effectiveness through the lens of someone evaluating the work of an ineffective leader Heifetz Transactional leadership assumes that the employee is motivated by the guarantee of compensation or the prevention of discipline and that the leader is in charge of these, which in most organizations this is not the case Bass, The higher positional authority an individual has the more authority and power to give rewards or discipline individuals.
The ebb and tide of world empires point to the reins controlled or pulled by individuals who exercise power and influence.
As organizations have grown in size and complexity, and the expectations of the organizations of many clients have increased, the requirements for better leadership have multiplied.
In order for an organization to be successful they must ensure they employ the right leaders since studies have shown that leadership styles do affect employee performance and satisfaction. Block, Peter, Flawless Consulting: Organizational forms have become more complex and new forms have been developed Block, Transactional leadership employs three different techniques.
Companies are now aware of the fact that progress and success are dependent upon the quality and effectiveness of leadership. Active management by exception is where the leader throughout the task process monitors the employee, identifying deviations in standards that need corrections.
Leaders give punishments and rewards to followers based on performance.According to the previous paragraphs, transactional leadership is the type of leadership in which the leaders emphasize in the clarification of roles and task requirements and provide followers with material or psychological rewards contingent on the fulfilment of contractual obligations.
Understanding Transactional Leadership Essay Sample Theories on leadership come by the dozen today that the average manager and enthusiast find it difficult identifying and even remembering the variations and what they imply in any institution or organization.
More Essay Examples on Leadership Rubric. Job performance and satisfaction is correlated to an individual’s interactions with their leader - Transactional leadership introduction. The effect a transactional leaders has on a follower’s satisfaction and performance as been mixed as being both positive and negative.
Transactional leadership does not appear to be concerned with the characteristics of leaders and is more concerned with creating structures and systems which allow the sharing of information (Bryman et al. Sample essay on understanding leadership styles Sample Essay on Understanding Leadership Styles Choice of leadership style and Behavior The leadership style used in an organization is crucial in determining whether results desired will be achieved.
The transactional style of leadership has a couple of dimensions which include. Transactional Leadership, also known as managerial leadership, focuses on the role of supervision, organization, and group performance; transactional leadership is a style of leadership in which the leader promotes compliance of his followers through both rewards and punishments.Download