Cognitivism stresses the acquisition of knowledge and internal mental structures. However, contrary to behaviorism, the learner is characterized as being very active in the learning process.
In this essay, I will mainly discuss 3 things: Therefore, the goal of instruction is not to know particular facts but to elaborate and interpret information. Reinforcements are stimuli that encourage a person to do the behavior again, while punishments discourage the behavior. Teacher-centric learning involves direct or explicit teaching, where they control what information they teach in the classroom and use approaches such as drilling, lecturing and demonstrating.
Thirdly, reinforcement and punishment is strongly embedded in this approach. In other words, it focuses on how information is received, organized, stored, and retrieved by the mind. Although both cognitivists and constructivists view the learner as being actively involved in the learning process student centricthe constructivists look at the learner as more than just an active processor of information.
Secondly, behaviorism belief is that behavior can be described and explained without using references to internal or mental processes According to Driscoll ,p.
In other words, the flexible use of preexisting knowledge is more valuable than the recall of prepackaged schemas. Based on the views of behaviorismthe teacher is the power house, which creates a teacher centric learning. Behavior modification through reinforcement and punishment is called operant conditioning.
Due to the fact that behavior is the result of external stimuli, theories suggest that a behavior can be modified through the use of reinforcements and punishments.
Therefore, environmental conditions are not enough to explain whole instructional situation. For example, preventing your child from using the computer when he breaks curfew would be considered a punishment because you want the behavior of breaking curfew to stop.
Each of theories has distinctive features based on their individual perspectives of the learning process. Cognitivists also place great emphasis on environmental conditions to facilitate learning. Cognitivism is based on the thought process behind the behavior.
Behavior is seen in terms of an identifiable and measurable response to external or internal, recognizable, and measurable stimuli. Situated cognition and the culture of learning.
Learners create their own meaning of knowledge. This also involves immediate reinforcement of desired behaviors or reinforcement of concepts through repetition. Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.
Educational Researcher, 18 1More essays like this: Firstly, a main tenet of behaviorism is that the teacher is in control of the class hence it is more of a teacher centric learning.
The response can be modified by rewards or various forms of discouragement- a process known as conditioning.Learning Theories And Comparison Education Essay. This work will concentrate on the theories of learning and development: firstly will look at the main principles of Behaviourism in general and Constructivism as described by Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, then it will focus on the impact of these theories in classroom practice, curriculum and child.
There are multiple learning styles and theories that apply to individuals in multiple ways. The VARK learning style that my analysis revealed is read/write according to the.
Feb 17, · Learning Styles Essay; Learning Styles Essay. Understanding Preferred Learning Styles Essay. Words | 5 Pages. Learning Theories and Styles Theories of learning Many theories on how people learn have been discussed and explored in the field of teaching. These approaches are considered to ideal depending on the targeted audience and the.
- Learning Styles and Decision Making Learning style is “the way in which each person absorbs and retains information and/or skills” (Dunn,p. 2). In other words, it is a way in which every person gathers, processes and analyzes information. The purpose of this essay is to outline the episode of learning that I have been involved, I am going to discuss how different types of learning theories and learning styles informed to develop my knowledge, it also reflect and evaluate the type of strategies that has been used within the episode of learning and it will discuss the implications.
A Reflection On My Learning Styles Education Essay. Print Reference this as it would be quite naive to deem it flawless especially considering the wide dimension of learning styles preferences theory and literature out there.
This criticism of Honey and Mumford’s () learning cycle matches Smith’s () fourth criticism of the cycle.Download