Do not show the same data in two forms data should be presented as either a table or a figure not both. An easy way to write the abstract is to extract the most important points from each section of the paper and then use those points to construct a brief description of your study. The results section always begins with text, reporting the key results and referring to your figures and tables as you proceed.
Council of Biology Editors, Inc. Table 3 clearly shows that … 7b. There is no evidence that short-term growth of epidermal cells is controlled through the orientation of microfibrils.
External referees are our colleagues who did not contribute to data collection of our study in any way, but we can request their opinions about the subject matter of the manuscript. When your paper includes more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize your presentation by experiment.
Top of Page Describe your experimental design clearly. Comments coming from the reviewers should be criticized, but a defensive attitude should not be assumed during this evaluation process. One of them is to allocate at least 30 minutes a day for writing a manuscript which amounts to 3.
Table 4 Moves in Research Paper Discussions. If specimens were collected for study, where and when that material was collected are stated. It is time to submit It is late at night again. DO NOT write this section as though it were directions in a laboratory exercise book.
Explain any discrepancies and unexpected findings.
This should be a general statement reiterating your answer to the research question and adding its scientific implications, practical application, or advice. Previously, similar articles might have been published, however innovative messages, and new perspectives on the relevant subject will facilitate acceptance of the article for publication.
The problem with 4 is that the reader has to switch from the point of view of the experiment passive voice to the point of view of the experimenter active voice. This means that while all other sections of the research paper use active voice, passive voice is still the most predominant in Materials and Methods sections.
A good discussion will explain why your results and the whole paper is important. Stem cells were isolated, according to Johnson . While the goal of the macrostructure revision is to analyze your ideas and their logic, the goal of the microstructure editing is to scrutinize the form of your ideas: A summary is a brief restatement of preceding text that is intended to orient a reader who has studied the preceding text.
Stimulation of root elongation and curvature by calcium. Our approach on this subject is to write all structured parts of the manuscript at the same time, and start writing the manuscript while reading the first literature. Revision of the theory of phototropism in plants: Other erroneous issues consist of superfluousness of the manuscript with unnecessary repetitions, undue, and recurrent references to the problems adressed in the manuscript or their solution methods, overcriticizing or overpraising other studies, and use of a pompous literary language overlooking the main objective of sharing information.A good discussion will explain why your results and the whole paper is important.
You'll show that your results can add new knowledge to your chosen area of work. In the discussion you should refer to the literature when explaining and discussing your results. In the “standard” research paper approach, your Results section should exclude data interpretation, leaving it for the Discussion section.
However, interpretations gradually and secretly creep into research papers: “Reducing the data, generalizing from the data, and highlighting scientific cases are all highly interpretive processes. Feb 12, · How to write a discussion section?
and English which is common language used for the dissemination of scientific knowledge is not our mother tongue. Welch HG. Preparing manuscripts for submission to medical journals: The paper trail. Eff Clin Prac. ; –7. 2. Tompson A. How to write an English medical manuscript.
The good news is you do not have to be a good writer to write a good science paper, but you do have to be a careful writer. And while the creativity that often. paper. There are elements of the discussion that should be included and other things that should be avoided.
Always write the discussion for the reader; remember that the focus should be to help the How to Write an Effective Discussion. Writing a discussion section is where you really begin to add your interpretations to the work.
Menu Search. Home; and be honest about whether your design was good enough. If not, suggest any modifications and improvements that could be made to the design. 1 Write a Research Paper; 2 Writing a Paper; 3 Outline. Write an .Download