Second stage — this change is different from the first stage as the friendships are more emphasized on sharing, loyalty and commitment.
Most of the studies in this area are large prospective studies that follow people over time, and while there may be a correlation between the two variables friendship and health statusresearchers still do not know if there is a cause and effect relationship, such as the notion that good friendships actually improve health.
This methodology has many flaws for researching children, writing essays would have been better suited to older children who were able to express their emotions and expectations better than younger children. Findings indicated that adolescents were less likely to engage in problem behavior when their friends did well in school, participated in school activities, avoided drinking, and had good mental health.
An ethnographic approach can be seen as better when it used with younger children which may not be good with Bigelow and la gaipa like elder children, also this way he could get a first-hand account of the Childs experiences.
They experience a language delay causing them to have a harder time playing with other children. Research by McLennan measured the heart rates of cattleand showed that the cows were more stressed when alone or with an unfamiliar cow than they were with friends, lending support to the idea that cows are social animals, capable of forming close bonds with each other.
Another problem is the pre-determined list they created, this removes the individual expectations that the children had suggested and focuses only on what the researchers wanted to find, this affects the validity of the study.
The opposite was found regarding adolescents who did engage in problematic behavior. He then observed to three year old girls, Jenny and Betty and discovered that they became concerned about one another when one disappeared to play with someone else, Betty also reassures Jenny that they are still best friends.
Another problem is that children have a limited vocabulary and understanding and so when using them for intensive research, this can become a problem. This satisfaction is associated with an increased ability to accomplish activities of daily livingas well as a reduced decline in cognitive abilitiesdecreased instances of hospitalization, and better outcomes related to rehabilitation.
Firstly I will introduce both of the different approaches and methods and I will then later go into the results of their work.
Most children with Down syndrome may prefer to watch other students and play alongside a friend but not with them, mostly because they understand more than they can outwardly express. I believe that interviews should be used when researching older teenagers who are able to remember past events more easily and can communicate this information to adults they consider to be strangers.
This led me to read more about it and try to answer the question how should we research issues to do with children? However researching in this way is a quick way to analyse the amount of information they received and removes the ethical problems of researching children.
February 19, This week, I struggled for a blog topic and whilst talking to my mum about what she was studying in her psychology course with the Open University, she mentioned using children in research.
Before the study and research took place Bigelow and La Gaipa wrote a list of different characteristics of a best friend of which they believed the children may include in their essays, they created a list of twenty one difference categories of friendship expectations.
They also used different methods Corsaro used an ethnographic approach unlike Bigelow and La Gaipa which used a written quantitative research method. How to Write a Summary of an Article? Two researchers have even termed friendship networks a "behavioral vaccine " that boosts both physical and mental health.
Another way of researching children is to interview children however this has its own problems, although interviews involve the same questions being asked and therefore the results would be more reliable.
This would include the benefits of observations and interviews but tries to overcome the problems associated with these methods. Although males and females tend to report comparative levels of satisfaction with their friendships. Studying children can be very difficult as you have to gain informed consent from both children and their parents as they are under the age of 16 and may not understand what is involved.
Research within the past four decades has now consistently found that older adults reporting the highest levels of happiness and general well being also report strong, close ties to numerous friends. However, no similar effect was observed for males. In preschool years, children with Down syndrome can benefit from the classroom setting, surrounded by other children and less dependent on adult aid.
Paraprofessionals, specifically one-on-one aides and classroom aides, are often placed with children with autism spectrum disorders in order to facilitate friendships and guide the child in making and maintaining substantial friendships.Age and Sex Role Differences in Intimate Existing research includes studies by Bigelow and La Gaipa (Bigelow, ; Bigelow & La Gaipa, ; La Gaipa, ) which demonstrated developmental trends in children's cognitive development of generalized friendship ideas and expectations.
Mannarino focused more on children's experience. Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Bigelow And La Gaipa.
Bigelow and La Gaipa in approached a study on children’s friendships; they started the study in the when very little was known on children’s friendship and the aspects of ‘friendships’.
Their main studies was to look at the differences in children’s understanding of friendship at various stages of development and how the. Friendship is a relationship of mutual affection between people.
Friendship is a stronger form of interpersonal bond than an association. Friendship has been studied in academic fields such as communication, sociology, social.
Brain Bigelow, John La Gaipa and William Corsaro have both made important contributions into understanding how children interpret “friendship”. Bigelow and. Children's Written Descriptions of Friendship: A Multidimensional Analysis.
Bigelow, Brian J.; La Gaipa, John J. Developmental Psychology, 11, 6,Nov This study examined the conceptual variables that influence friendship as a function of developmental age. Teachers asked students to write an essay about what they.Download